How to install Linux on Mac Pro 1,1 and up Thread starter kiiroaka; Start date Jan 17, 2017; kiiroaka. Highlight insert-your-linux.iso name here, right click, paste. Yes, keep the name in (single) quotes. (1,1 core duo) and I have been searching for weeks to find a solution toinstall Linux as the Mac OS 10.6.8 is no longer allowing.
All I needed to do was to download the latest version as an ISO disk image, attach an Apple USB SuperDrive to my iMac, pop in some blank DVD media, and burn the ISO image to the DVD. I am very happy with my Linux/iMac PC and recommend Linux as an excellent way to revive an old Apple desktop or laptop, especially models that have the i5 CPU. I’ve had this old MacbBook 2.0 GHz Core 2 Duo (T7200) with Mac OS 10.6 Snow Leopard gathering dust for years. So I thought why not replace the system with Windows or Linux so I can run a.
- Jan 23, 2018 see the beauty of linux is that I can choose and I can like many different desktop environments for many different reasons, and not one of my choices will be a 'wrong' choice. Linux is about freedom to choose what works for you. I agree it's far from dead.
- I had to burn a DVD to install Linux Mint on my Late 2006 iMac 6,1, and it shows up in the boot picker with the label Windows. I second using Etcher as mentioned above. The Mac Finder or Disk Utility may not work to produce a bootable DVD, as it doesn't understand the Linux-formatted ISO.
I couldn't find any current info on getting a clean install of Linux onto a macbook as the only OS, so I made this relatively comprehensive, universal guide. Feel free to PM with questions, corrections, or advice
So older macbooks are going for less than a hundred bucks on ebay right now. It's not because their hardware is obselete or they don't work, it's because apple stops supporting their hardware at the OS level after a few years so you buy their newest models. Anyway, I don't have any love for their OS, and I think to myself, how hard can it be to throw another one on there to breath some new life into these expensive unibody paperweights?
Boy do I regret answering that question for myself
Trouble is, Apple doesn't want you to put another OS on their hardware, because they lose control over when it becomes obselete. If you have linux, or windows, or whatever on there, their “unsupported” aluminum bricks keep on chugging. And with a ton cheap replacement parts from all the other artificially obseleted hardware. How t9 download game from gamefly to pc.
So, being that installing your choice of OS on their machines is a problem for apple, they make it as inconvenient as possible to do it. I'm here to tell you that it IS possible though, and being that I love creating unnecessary work for myself, I'm gonna go through the ass-backwards process for multiple operating systems to prove that you can.
Ironically, apple has created a bunch of cheap, well built computers that will last a long ass time in their attempts to sell expensive computers that have a shelf life similar to the items in the produce section of whole foods. It's a brainfuck to get them working though.
No matter what OS you want to use, there's some things (arguably too many) things you're gonna need on this simple, easy, million step, ass reaming of a journey. It's easy to fuck up, but Don't get discouraged though, stops hurting after the first few tries.
You'll obviously need a disc image of your preferred OS, and a Mac OS X install DVD. Also, 3 mass storage devices, one for your OS install media, one to put your
pirated original Mac OS X image on, and one to do a fresh install of OS X onto. The one for the OSX installer needs to be 16GB, and That last one will need to be 32GB minimum, on account of all the built in Apple bloat. I used a hard drive from the hardware graveyard in an external enclosure, but a USB drive works just as easily.
Now, you could use DVDs for this, but I mean, come on, it's 2016, we're not fucking cavemen, so get out a few of the dozens of USB flash drives you've accumulated over the years so you can make this process a lot easier for yourself.
Burn your installation media using your preferred OS and totally legit copy of OS X, taking care to make sure it's the outdated version it came with, and get ready to truly understand the meaning of tedium.
After properly bracing yourself for the imminent existential crisis this experience will bring about, pop in your OS X USB, and the larger, empty USB. Hold either alt, or C during bootup depending on which model of macbook you're working with. This will let you boot from the install USB. Once youre into the installation menu, click utilities > disk utility in the top toolbar, and format the big external drive to HFS+ (or mac OSX extended/journaled, depending on installer version.) Then erase the internal hard drive, and partition it to have one 200 MB HFS+ partition at the beginning of the drive labelled EFI for later, and an exFAT partition taking up the rest of the drive's space, making sure that you're using the GUID partition table and not MBR. From here, install OS X onto your USB, leaving the internal HDD as is.
Now, you won't be using these OS X drives after this ever again, unless you manage to fuck your main OS up so badly you need to start over. But you need them, nonetheless. Boot into the fresh OSX install, and update to the latest version your mac supports, skipping the itunes and other non-core application updates if time is a concern. This is to make sure the laptop has the latest firmware, because again, apple wants to make life for their customers as difficult as possible if they choose to think differently about how they want to use apple hardware, after the updates finish, download the refind binary image, and extract it.
Create a folder on that partition you made earlier on the internal HDD, called efi, and make a folder inside that called refind. The directory structure of the mounted volume should look like
then copy everything from the refind folder from the .zip you extracted into the folder on the partition, then delete the .efi files that don't match your mac's architecture. (if it's a core 2 or later, keep amd64, if its a regular core duo, keep ia32. Always delete aa64.)
This file controls variables like default boot option and boot time delay. You can edit it to speed up boot time, customize the loader's looks, etc.
Not only has apple made it impossible to boot if there's not a HFS+ volume present on the machine, they've also introduced a delay if the machine doesn't detect that OSX is installed, too. You can get around this delay by “blessing” the partition using this command in terminal:
Shut down the laptop, remove the system USB, and reboot. You should see the refind bootloader after a short delay. Cut the laptop back off. From here, you're primed to install something functional. The key is to install them in legacy mode, and write the bootloader to he partition, not the device. Refind recognizes and chainloads whaever you put on there
I used OpenBSD and Archlinux to test this, and they both work. and I've heard anecdotally that ubuntu and windows 7 work about as well with a few of their own quirks. As long as you don't touch the refind partition, you're golden. Refind also recognizes install media, so you can boot the installer from there as well.
For OpenBSD, install like normal, but when it asks where, hit (E)dit, and change the exfat partiton's type to A6 (OpenBSD). For those not familiar with OpenBSD, this can be done with the following comands when the installer drops you into fdisk:
proceed as normal from here. Refind will recognize it as a windows installation or generic “legacy OS.” I like it on the near decade old macbook I purchased because it's secure, stable, it idles at less than 50MB ram and does everything I need the laptop to do.
The webcam may not work, and neither will the media keys. You may also need some additional configuration depending on the gpu, wireless card, etc. My model worked out of the box with the exception of the webcam and touchpad gestures/multitouch, though.
I had slightly more success with archlinux, though the “isight” webcam still refuses to work, as apple somehow managed to get custom firmware onto a pretty universally generic component in the name of planned obsolescence.
Archlinux is a different animal, and requires a little more finesse to install.
Set it up normally, using GPT partitioning tools, taking care to define a /boot partition and install your bootloader/.efi there instead of writing to the drive.
If you use GRUB to manage the efi boot, remove [quiet] from the config file generated by grub-mkconfig, and take care to make the correct grub .efi for your architecture (32bit on older intel systems.) Any linux system you try to install using grub will fail to boot if these steps aren't taken.
The media keys, mouse multitouch and everything else works great sans webcam after the obligatory configurations.
So, if you got all the way to the end of this, you made it. you have a fully functional, modern OS without dual booting or 30+GB of bloat on your hard drive. If you want a capable laptop for less than $200, with good build quality and scads of replacement components, then thinkpads are not your only option.
EDIT:I realize that this is not strictly necessary if you have a new machine and just want to throw a 'buntu or RHEL-based distro onto it. This guide is for older hardware that no longer supports the latest and greatest versions of OS X, or runs them like shit. It also attempts to cover the less cooperative models in the Apple lineup, including those with 32-bit and hybrid EFIs. Which tend to be the very cheap ones in the resale market. You may not need this guide if your favored OS works with a regular install, but there's more than a small chance that it won't and if it doesn't this resource is for you.
If you have a new MBP, just throw linux on it and get on with your day. This resource was not written for you, and you're misleading those that could benefit from it by implying you can install an alternate OS without trouble in all cases.
Intel Core Duo 2
I’m about to show you how to turn that old Mac hardware you have into something useful. It doesn’t matter if it’s an ancient PowerBook G4 or a slightly more recent model of MacBook. Just because it can’t run the latest and greatest version of macOS doesn’t necessarily mean it’s time to put it out to pasture. In this article, I’ll show you how you can revive a PowerPC Mac running Linux, like I’m doing on the PowerBook G4 I’m using to write this article.Merge Tux and that old, tattered PowerPC Mac, and create something beautiful (Image Credit: Gergely)
The Trouble With Old Hardware
The main challenge you’ll run into with older hardware is that Apple considers it obsolete and stops supporting it. When that happens, you might think you’re out of luck and need to retire what used to be an excellent machine. However, I’m here to tell you that even a 2005 PowerBook G4 can still run modern operating systems, with some TLC and tinkering. I was able to revive that PowerPC Mac running Linux.
My current build is running Lubuntu, a lightweight flavor of Ubuntu. The beauty here is that PowerPC is still alive, well, and fairly well supported.
What Can You Do With Older Hardware?
Curious what you might be able to accomplish with a PowerPC-based laptop? Here’s what I’ve been able to accomplish so far, since I revived my PowerBook G4 and brought it up-to-date with a Lubuntu installation.
- Write Markdown documents using Remarkable, a very excellent Markdown editor
- Create and edit Word documents and Excel spreadsheets using LibreOffice
- Surf the web
- Handle email tasks
- Create web pages
- Much, much more
Getting the Revival on for Your PowerPC Mac Running Linux
What you need to get started depends on what type of optical drive you have in your G4- or G5-based PowerBook or Mac. If you have a DVD drive, you can simply burn the ISO image of Lubuntu 16.04 to a disk and start that way. My PowerBook G4 has a CD-R/W drive, though. Because of this, I had to create USB install media.
Assuming you’re fortunate enough to be able to boot from a DVD, it’s really simple. Just burn the ISO to a blank DVD, insert it into your PowerBook or other PowerPC-based Mac, and press the “C” key while the computer boots up.
My DVD Drive Doesn’t Work, Though
If you are comfortable with Terminal on your newer Mac, this is still pretty simple. Heck, even if you aren’t comfortable, the job can be done. Here are the steps you need to take.
- Take note of what the filename is for your ISO image of Lubuntu 16.04.
- Insert your USB Flash Drive.
- In Terminal, find out the device ID for your USB Flash drive. Type this command into Terminal:
- Look for the name of the USB flash drive, and remember what it’s called. It should be something like
- Now, we’re going to unmount the USB flash drive so we can work directly with it in Terminal. Do this by typing this command in Terminal, replacing
disk2s3 with the device identifier for your USB flash drive:
- Once that step completes, it will be time to create the USB flash drive installer you need to start installing Linux.
Creating a USB Installer for Lubuntu
You’ve got your USB flash drive prepped, and you know what to call it. Go ahead and issue this command in Terminal to create the USB installer drive. Change “lubuntu.iso” to the proper filename, and be sure to use your disk identifier in the
It’ll take a few moments (or longer) to complete. Once done, you’ll be ready to insert the USB installer into your PowerPC-based computer and boot from the stick. This part isn’t so easy.
Using OpenFirmware to Find Your USB Installer
Many PowerBooks and other PowerPC-based Macs use OpenFirmware, allowing you to boot from devices that don’t show up otherwise. This is how you might do a net boot, for instance, or boot from a USB drive. Note that not all PowerPC-based Macs support this, but most do.
To get into OpenFirmware, you’ll need to reboot your PowerPC-based Mac. When you hear the startup chime, make sure you’re pressing and holding
Now, find out if your USB disk has shown up. Type this at the prompt:
Now you should see the right USB device. Take note of what it’s called, then type this:
This gives you a list of aliases for the devices. Find the one matching your USB device (usb0, [email protected],1, etc).
Booting Your PowerPC Mac Into the USB Linux Installation
Finally, type this to boot from that device. Replace usb0 with the actual device alias you found previously.
Once it boots up, which could take some time, simply follow the instructions to get your PowerPC Mac up and running using Linux. I won’t go into the finer details of partitioning the disk, since the assumption here is that your installed version of OS X is too dated for you to want to keep it.
If that doesn’t work out, you might consider a netinstall of Linux. In a future article, I’ll outline how you can go about doing that.
If you want to see first-hand the PowerBook G4 running Linux and you’re attending MacStock July 15 and 16, find me. I’ll be happy to show off my Frankenstein’s monster of technology.